Mitral valve repair is a cardiac surgical treatment method carried out by using cardiac surgeons to deal with stenosis (narrowing) or regurgitation (leakage) of the mitral valve. The mitral valve is the “influx valve” for the left facet of the coronary heart. Blood flows from the lungs, wherein it choices up oxygen, through the pulmonary veins, to the left atrium of the coronary heart. After the left atrium fills with blood, the mitral valve lets in blood to drift from the left atrium into the heart’s important pumping chamber called the left ventricle. It then closes to keep blood from leaking again into the left atrium or lungs while the ventricle contracts (squeezes) to push blood out to the body. It has two flaps, or leaflets, known as cusps.
The techniques of mitral valve restore encompass placing a cloth-covered ring around the valve to carry the leaflets into touch with every other (annuloplasty), elimination of redundant/unfastened segments of the leaflets (quadrangular resection), and re-suspension of the leaflets with artificial (Gore-Tex) cords.
Procedures at the mitral valve commonly require an average sternotomy, however advances in non-invasive methods (such as keyhole surgical operation) permit surgical operation without a sternotomy (and ensuing ache and scar). Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery is tons extra technically stressful and may contain higher danger.
Occasionally, the mitral valve is odd from delivery (congenital). More frequently the mitral valve turns into abnormal with age (degenerative) or because of rheumatic fever. In uncommon instances the mitral valve can be destroyed via infection or a bacterial endocarditis. Mitral regurgitation may also arise due to ischemic coronary heart disease (coronary artery ailment) or non-ischemic heart disorder (dilated cardiomyopathy).